Flora and Fauna
The Country Park is very rich in flora, with a great diversity of native and exotic species.
Melastoma species, Rose Myrtle , Acronychia , Hong Kong Gordonia , Fragrant Litsea , Red Machilus , Pop-gun Seed and Ivy Tree , and the rather special Ram-rod Bamboo are the common varieties in the Country Park.
Since the 1950's, exotic flora species have been progressively introduced to Kam Shan Country Park. These exotic species includes Brisbane Box and Eucalyptus species from Australia, and the charming Paper-bark Tree . They can be found in abundance along the waterlogged uplands on Kam Shan Road near the shooting range.
Kam Shan, or Monkey Hill to most locals, is a famous macaques kingdom in Hong Kong. The macaques are the largest group of mammals in the park. Major species occurring here are Rhesus Macaque and Longtailed Macaque . These monkeys are probably descendants of individuals released by pet owners, whereas wild macaque groups native to Hong Kong have almost disappeared due to habitat destruction and over-hunting. Apart from monkeys, this Country Park is also a shelter of squirrels and many bird species.
Common winged species found in the Counrtry Park includes Black Kite , Crested Goshawk , Common Kingfisher , Common Tailorbird , Great Coucal , House Swift and Rufous-backed Shrike .